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It is difficult to imagine that we could understand much about the world and ourselves without concepts, but what, exactly, are they? Some researchers think of them as simply the meanings of the words we use, but this fails to capture intuitively compelling thoughts such as the notion that not all concepts have precise instantiation in a word or words. The Concept Lab begins with the axiom that words and concepts have distinct but overlapping ontologies; put more simply, this means that words are not the same kind of thing as concepts. Using bespoke computational tools, the Lab sets out to describe and parse conceptual behaviour in order to gain a far fuller understanding of how they work, where they come from and how they might change or alter over time.  For the very first time, these tools which operate with massive datasets of language enable us to construct a map of conceptuality – of how concepts link together in constellations or chains – and provide the means for inspecting what lies deep within their structure. Our aim is, no less, to map the genome of how we arrive at understanding anything and everything.