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The altarpiece was the most important, widespread and innovative genre of Italian Renaissance painting, but our understanding of these pictures has been significantly impaired by their display in gallery spaces, dislocated from the architectural and ritual settings for which they were designed. This project, which began as a collaboration on the exhibition Visions of Paradise: Botticini’s Palmieri Altarpiece, focused on two Florentine altarpieces now in London’s National Gallery. Its aim was to use digital means to reinstate them to their original locations within the Florentine church of San Pier Maggiore, a building largely demolished at the end of the eighteenth century with its residual structure embedded today within shops and apartments. Following extensive fieldwork and new research, a film was completed with virtual animations of the church, displaying the art works in situ as they once appeared. Thus, for the first time since the building’s demolition, people can experience the paintings in the original context for which they were produced. This research project is ongoing, encompassing additional monuments across Florence’s historic centre and thereby allowing the art and architecture of the past to come alive virtually in today’s world.